Special Iowa 1925 Census:
This census is unique among census! Unlike most other state census, this census recorded the names of the parents of all persons enumerated (including the maiden name of married and widowed women).
Other Iowa State Census
In addition to the 1925 census noted above, Iowa also conducted census in the following years, which list, in part, the following data: 1836 (Dubuque and Des Moines counties only); 1856 (lists members of household and number of years in Iowa); 1885 (lists members of household and county of birth if born in Iowa); 1895 (lists members of household, Civil War Company, Regiment and State of Service, and county of birth if born in Iowa); 1905 (incomplete and difficult to read); and 1915 (lists name, age, occupation, total earnings, education, birthplace, years in Iowa, marital status).
The 1880 state legislature required that all births, deaths and marriages be recorded at both the county and state levels. However, many births and deaths were not recorded on the state level until 1921 when stricter laws were passed. No statewide index of births exists.
Marriages were recorded at the county level even before Iowa gained statehood. By 1880, legislation required that marriages be recorded at both the county and state levels. There is no statewide index to marriages, but marriages are usually recorded on the county level.
No deaths were recorded before 1880, and one must get into the early 1900s to be fairly assured of finding a recorded death. A statewide index of deaths covering the approximate years of 1906 through 1916 does exist. There are some miscellaneous sources available for death records, depending on the county, so ask about your specific needs.
Some Additional Records
The State Historical Library of Iowa has a large microfilm collection of newspapers published in Iowa; land records, county vital records, city directories, as well as a vast collection of publications, including county and local histories, cemetery records, funeral home records, probate and will records, land transfer records, roster of Iowa Civil War enlistments, along with regiment histories, personal manuscripts, and more.
The Iowa State Archives contain the Adjutant General Records of Iowa Civil War Units. These records contain the names, ages and residence of soldiers, movement of the unit, possible wounds received by soldiers, death circumstances and dates, and any letters which may have been written to the Adjutant General office after the war.
The Archives also contain Grand Army of the Republic post records, photographs, journals, membership lists, etc.
If your ancestor or relative was prominent in a community, the archives may contain photographs or family correspondence.
The Iowa Genealogical Society Library also has a large collection of records,including, in part, county vital records, Iowa G.A.R. Post files, WWI draft registrations, Old Age Assistance applications, Germans to America series, Iowa Pioneer Certificates, family history files, obituary files, and thousands of Iowa county publications and books, as well as a large collection of publications and records relating to other US states, and various countries.
The State Historical Library of Iowa and the Iowa Genealogical Society Library each contain hundreds of lesser-known records too numerous to discuss herein. Sometimes a single document; the mention of an individual in an unpublished diary; a family history by a local researcher; the obituaries clipped by library volunteers, and on and on will relate only to a particular individual, who just might be your ancestor.
If you have any questions regarding the major records discussed above or
any other records, please email me at: